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Version: 1.8.1

6. Charts

This 6th step illustrates how to display charts.

Formulation

  • Add a chart to display the evolution of the road destruction: the mean value of the destruction_coeff of the road agents, and its max value (refreshed every 10 simulation steps).
  • Add a chart to display the activity of the people agent (working or staying home, refreshed every 10 simulation steps).

Model Definition

chart display

First, we add a chart of type series to display the road destruction evolution. To compute the mean of the destruction_coeff, we combine the mean and collect operators. collect takes a container and an expression as operands and will compute a new list, each element being the evaluation on the container operand of the expression. mean computes the average of all the elements of a list. For the max, we use the max_of operator. (Note that the operator mean_of also exists to replace mean and collect).

     output {
display chart_display refresh:every(10#cycles) {
chart "Road Status" type: series size: {1, 0.5} position: {0, 0} {
data "Mean road destruction" value: mean (road collect each.destruction_coeff) style: line color: #green ;
data "Max road destruction" value: road max_of each.destruction_coeff style: line color: #red ;
}
...
}
}

Second, we add a chart of type pie to display the activity of the people agents. We use for that the objective variable of the people agents and the count operator that allows computing the number of elements of a list that verify a condition.

    output {
...
display chart_display refresh: every(10#cycles) {
...
chart "People Objectif" type: pie style: exploded size: {1, 0.5} position: {0, 0.5}{
data "Working" value: people count (each.objective="working") color: #magenta ;
data "Resting" value: people count (each.objective="resting") color: #blue ;
}
}
}

We chose to display the 2 charts on the same display. As a consequence, we specified the size and position of each of them to define the layout of this display.

Complete Model

model tutorial_gis_city_traffic

global {
file shape_file_buildings <- file("../includes/building.shp");
file shape_file_roads <- file("../includes/road.shp");
file shape_file_bounds <- file("../includes/bounds.shp");
geometry shape <- envelope(shape_file_bounds);
float step <- 10 #mn;
date starting_date <- date("2019-09-01-00-00-00");
int nb_people <- 100;
int min_work_start <- 6;
int max_work_start <- 8;
int min_work_end <- 16;
int max_work_end <- 20;
float min_speed <- 1.0 #km / #h;
float max_speed <- 5.0 #km / #h;
float destroy <- 0.02;
graph the_graph;

init {
create building from: shape_file_buildings with: [type::string(read ("NATURE"))] {
if type="Industrial" {
color <- #blue ;
}
}
create road from: shape_file_roads ;
map<road,float> weights_map <- road as_map (each:: (each.destruction_coeff * each.shape.perimeter));
the_graph <- as_edge_graph(road) with_weights weights_map;

list<building> residential_buildings <- building where (each.type="Residential");
list<building> industrial_buildings <- building where (each.type="Industrial") ;
create people number: nb_people {
speed <- rnd(min_speed, max_speed);
start_work <- rnd (min_work_start, max_work_start);
end_work <- rnd(min_work_end, max_work_end);
living_place <- one_of(residential_buildings) ;
working_place <- one_of(industrial_buildings) ;
objective <- "resting";
location <- any_location_in (living_place);
}
}

reflex update_graph{
map<road,float> weights_map <- road as_map (each:: (each.destruction_coeff * each.shape.perimeter));
the_graph <- the_graph with_weights weights_map;
}
}

species building {
string type;
rgb color <- #gray ;

aspect base {
draw shape color: color ;
}
}

species road {
float destruction_coeff <- rnd(1.0,2.0) max: 2.0;
int colorValue <- int(255*(destruction_coeff - 1)) update: int(255*(destruction_coeff - 1));
rgb color <- rgb(min([255, colorValue]),max ([0, 255 - colorValue]),0) update: rgb(min([255, colorValue]),max ([0, 255 - colorValue]),0) ;

aspect base {
draw shape color: color ;
}
}

species people skills:[moving] {
rgb color <- #yellow ;
building living_place <- nil ;
building working_place <- nil ;
int start_work ;
int end_work ;
string objective ;
point the_target <- nil ;

reflex time_to_work when: current_date.hour = start_work and objective = "resting"{
objective <- "working" ;
the_target <- any_location_in (working_place);
}

reflex time_to_go_home when: current_date.hour = end_work and objective = "working"{
objective <- "resting" ;
the_target <- any_location_in (living_place);
}

reflex move when: the_target != nil {
path path_followed <- goto(target: the_target, on:the_graph, return_path: true);
list<geometry> segments <- path_followed.segments;
loop line over: segments {
float dist <- line.perimeter;
ask road(path_followed agent_from_geometry line) {
destruction_coeff <- destruction_coeff + (destroy * dist / shape.perimeter);
}
}
if the_target = location {
the_target <- nil ;
}
}

aspect base {
draw circle(10) color: color border: #black;
}
}

experiment road_traffic type: gui {
parameter "Shapefile for the buildings:" var: shape_file_buildings category: "GIS" ;
parameter "Shapefile for the roads:" var: shape_file_roads category: "GIS" ;
parameter "Shapefile for the bounds:" var: shape_file_bounds category: "GIS" ;
parameter "Number of people agents" var: nb_people category: "People" ;
parameter "Earliest hour to start work" var: min_work_start category: "People" min: 2 max: 8;
parameter "Latest hour to start work" var: max_work_start category: "People" min: 8 max: 12;
parameter "Earliest hour to end work" var: min_work_end category: "People" min: 12 max: 16;
parameter "Latest hour to end work" var: max_work_end category: "People" min: 16 max: 23;
parameter "minimal speed" var: min_speed category: "People" min: 0.1 #km/#h ;
parameter "maximal speed" var: max_speed category: "People" max: 10 #km/#h;
parameter "Value of destruction when a people agent takes a road" var: destroy category: "Road" ;

output {
display city_display type:opengl {
species building aspect: base ;
species road aspect: base ;
species people aspect: base ;
}
display chart_display refresh: every(10#cycles) {
chart "Road Status" type: series size: {1, 0.5} position: {0, 0} {
data "Mean road destruction" value: mean (road collect each.destruction_coeff) style: line color: #green ;
data "Max road destruction" value: road max_of each.destruction_coeff style: line color: #red ;
}
chart "People Objectif" type: pie style: exploded size: {1, 0.5} position: {0, 0.5}{
data "Working" value: people count (each.objective="working") color: #magenta ;
data "Resting" value: people count (each.objective="resting") color: #blue ;
}
}
}
}